Russia has a good rail system that links most major cities. Trains run from Moscow to St Petersburg up to twenty times a day. The overnight trains are the most atmospheric, taking up to eight hours to complete the journey. They are cheap and safe. Tickets can be purchased at the Leningradskiy train station in Moscow or the Moskovskiy train station in St Petersburg. Buses and minibusses are other cheap options for getting around the city.
The railroads were the predominant form of transportation in Russia, with 154,000 kilometers of track. Of these, 26 percent were electrified. Nearly six thousand kilometers served specific industries, with the entire system operating on a 1.52-meter gauge. In 1993, railroads carried a total of 1,608 billion ton-kilometers of cargo, compared with 26 billion ton-kilometers for trucks. In contrast, roads in Russia were not as well developed as their Western counterparts.
When hiring a taxi, the driver may stop at any street corner and give you a ride. Always bargain the price before getting in the taxi. You should not pay more than one Euro for 15 minutes of travel time. However, if you’re feeling adventurous, you might want to take a gypsy cab. These are cheaper and more fun to ride in than official taxis. Remember that Russians prefer foreign customers and you might end up paying as much as $10 for a ride.
The Moscow Metro is one of the world’s busiest subway systems. It opened in 1935 and consists of four-hundred railcars and 158.9 miles of track. It serves 8.5 million riders every day and 3.2 billion passenger journeys annually. Moreover, the 23-mile Moscow Subway is the world’s longest subway tunnel. The Metro is easy to use and the trains are frequent and efficient. You can get to the center of the city in less than half an hour.
Russians are proud of their railways. The Trans-Siberian Railway is still the longest railway system in the world. It is mainly used for domestic travel but also carries 30% of Russia’s exports. It is also the most important transportation method for the Russian Federation. If you’re planning a vacation in the country, make sure to take the Trans-Siberian Railway. You’ll never be bored on this train.
In 1998, the Roads of Russia program was established. The program was aimed at reorganizing the country’s transportation system. It also converted some federal roads into toll roads and laid out road-building plans until 2025. However, in the early phases of the program, only 2,000 kilometers of new roads were built. In 2006, the country launched a US$2.6 billion investment fund to improve infrastructure. It is expected that the Russian Transportation Infrastructure Construction Market will grow at a CAGR of around 5.5% over the next five years.
In many cities in Russia, you can get around by metro. Metros are available in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Samara, Yekaterinburg, and Kazan. You can also ride an underground tram in Volgograd. Tickets cost around 60 rubles, depending on the distance. There are also deluxe sleeping carriages available on some main routes. The third-class dorm car is called Platzkart.
In addition to inland waterways, Russia also has an extensive network of pipelines. The navigable waters span more than 101,000 kilometers, of which sixteen thousand kilometers are man-made. Of these, 60,400 kilometers are navigable at night. Most of the country’s inland shipping is handled by the Russian River Fleet, which transported 514 million tons of cargo in 1991. The government has begun decentralizing control over water transportation, by separating the control of liners from ports.
The government has been undertaking herculean efforts to replace its aging rolling stock. However, some suburban services still have outdated rolling stock. A railway in Smolensk (Belorusskaya) and Kaliningrad (Belorusskii vokzal) runs towards these cities and is part of the famous Trans-Siberian railway. However, despite the efforts of the government, there are still many problems with Russian railways.
As a result, the Russian airline industry is experiencing declining passenger demand, which is forcing consolidation and the collapse of airlines. The industry is also confronted with aging capital stock, with 48 percent of its aircraft over 15 years old. The Russian airline services have increasingly purchased aircraft from Western manufacturers and also demanded more modern aircraft from domestic makers. The government is also investing in more efficient aircraft production and management. These issues are crucial to Russia’s future, but there are challenges ahead.
Transport and Driving in Russia
One of the biggest challenges of traveling to Russia is transport and driving. Russian roads can be overcrowded and poorly maintained. Sadovoye ring road is often gridlocked. Drivers in Russia aren’t known for their patience and accidents are common. Parking is a problem as well. Unauthorized parking is not only illegal but is also at risk of intentional damage.
While public transport is widely used, it is not a good idea to drive in Moscow. Traffic in the city is a major problem. Although it is cheap, it is not always reliable. In Moscow, taxi cabs can take up to an hour to reach their destination. You should consider taking a cab if you need to reach a remote location quickly. If you have one, make sure you pay for it.
There are buses throughout Russian cities. It’s not uncommon to flag one down at the street. Taxis are easily available, but you may also encounter a random car that offers a ride instead of a taxi. Although it’s possible to find a taxi in Russia, some drivers try to overcharge foreigners with inflated prices. You can avoid this situation by refusing to share the ride with others. If you’re unsure about what to expect, use your common sense.
Traffic police may issue fines for violations such as speeding. While driving in Russia, you should be aware of the speed limit. In most cases, you can drive at 80 to 110 km/h outside the city. However, it’s important to remember that you must always wear a seat belt. If you’re traveling with young children, you should always use a child safety seat. It is also a good idea to bring a first aid kit.
Public transportation is very common in Russia, which makes it easy to get around. While public transportation can be convenient for short trips, there are some things you should know about using public transportation in Russia. For example, Russian roads are not as well-maintained as in the West. Road numbers may not be clearly marked and can be difficult to read. Signs are normally in Russian or Latin script. The best way to navigate these roads is to use a map and drive carefully.
There are several good apps for planning trips and navigating the metro system. One of these apps is Google Maps, which works well on both iOS and Android platforms. You can also use Yandex, the largest Russian search engine, which has an extensive map section. It also has an app called Yandex Taxi, which connects you with taxi drivers in over 300 cities. Alternatively, the Russian Railways have a website with ticket purchases and itinerary searches.
While it’s possible to drive a car in Russia without a permit, you’ll want to obtain proper insurance before you begin driving. Insurance is necessary to protect you and your passengers. If you plan on traveling in Russia by car, make sure your car is fully insured and has a certificate of conformity. Once you have the proper documentation, you’ll be ready to travel. And don’t forget to take your passport with you!
Traffic rules are similar to those in Europe. However, parking in a bus lane in Moscow is a violation of the law. It is also illegal to park in a parking space that isn’t marked. In Moscow, it’s common to see people fake damaged vehicles or parking on the side of the road. This is illegal and will result in a fine. If you have a dash cam, you can prove it.
To get a Russian driving license, you’ll need a valid foreign driving license. If you already have a license, you’ll need to get it translated into Russian by the Moscow Road Police. This process is much cheaper than in many European countries. You’ll also need to pass a practical driving test in Russian. While this process takes a little time, it’s far less expensive than in most of Europe.