One of the major features of India is its mountain ranges. There are several types of Indian mountains. Some are small and others are much larger. The Himalayan and Deccan plateau mountain ranges are among the most popular and well-known. Depending on the elevation and slope, these mountains can be either high or low. A typical Indian mountain range can have three or four different kinds of soil. Listed below are the types of soil found in different regions.
Things to Do in India
Famous Mountains in India
The Himalayas are still active and part of the Eurasian Plate, so they are prone to earthquakes. Landslides can also occur with earthquakes. The 1934 Bihar earthquake killed more than 10,000 people. The 2001 Bhuj earthquake, while less powerful, left 500,000 people homeless and damaged hundreds of thousands of buildings. All of these factors make the Indian mountains a wonderful option for adventurous travelers. If you are looking for a place to hike, mountain bike, or climb, this region is worth a visit.
The Himalayas in India are among the tallest mountains in the world. They are home to some of the world’s most spectacular ecosystems and are the source of many major Indian rivers. The country also has subtropical forests in the foothills of the Himalayan Mountain Ranges. It is also home to several snow-capped mountains including Kanchenjunga and Shivlingap. For more information, visit the mountains of India website.
Kanchenjunga, the third highest mountain peak in the world, is in Sikkim state. Its name comes from the Trishul weapon used by Lord Shiva and is located near Nanda Devi sanctuary. Nanda Devi is the second-highest mountain in India and the 23rd highest mountain in the world. It is an area that is home to endangered flagship species. You can even hike to the summit of Kanchenjunga!
In Gujarat, the Sahyadri Range begins near the edge of Gujarat and ends in Kanyakumari. The region is home to the highest mountain in the western part of the Sahyadri Range, and it is also one of the world’s most biodiverse hotspots. The Arabian sea/Konkan region is another popular tourist destination in India. The Anaimalai Hills in Kerala is home to the highest peak in the Western Ghats, AnaiMudi.
The Western Kumaun contains the Trisul mountain range. The trisul mountain range resembles the weapon of Lord Shiva and is part of the ring surrounding Nanda Devi Sanctuary. In 1907, the first Indian to climb these peaks was Colonel Narendra Kumar. It took him ten years to climb the entire mountain range, but no attempt was made since then. This is a rare chance to witness the beauty of nature in a different way.
The Himalayas in India include the Himalayan and Sakshi mountains. The Sakshi Mountains are in disputed territory between India and Pakistan. They also contain the Aravalli Mountains. Despite the fact that the mountains are not the highest, the Shillong Plateau contains some of the country’s highest points. There are a variety of mountain ranges in India that are worth a visit. These mountains can be enjoyed from all over the country, whether you want to hike in the hills or trek through the desert.
The Great Himalayas are located in the north of India. They have formed about two to five million years ago and are covered in snow only during the winter. This part of the Himalayas is also popular for hill stations and consists of discontinuous mountain ranges. The Pir Panjal range is found in Jammu & Kashmir, while the Dhauladhar range can be found in Himachal Pradesh. Lastly, the Mahabharat range is in Nepal.
One of the most popular mountains in India is the Nanda Devi Mountain. This mountain is the second highest mountain in the country and the 23rd highest in the world. It was the highest mountain in India until 1975, when Sikkim became an Indian Province. The Nanda Devi Mountain is home to six mountain peaks and is considered the patron goddess of Uttarakhand. The mountain has some of the steepest peaks in the world.
Indian Mountains to Visit
If you’re looking for a more serene pace, head to India’s mountain ranges. These are home to the highest mountains in the world, glaciers and mesmerizing lakes, as well as valleys that are teeming with wildlife and medicinal plants. Whether you’re visiting the mountains for a romantic getaway or simply to enjoy a day off from the hustle and bustle of the city, these destinations are sure to impress.
The Purvanchal Mountain Range lies in northeastern India. This mountain range comprises three hill ranges – the Garo-Khasi-Jaintia, the Lushai Hills, and the Phawngpui. The mountains are largely covered with forests, making them a thriving habitat for large mammals, including the Royal Bengal Tiger. The tallest peak in the Saptura is Dhupgarh, a craggy, horse-saddle-shaped ridge that is about 1,800 meters.
Nearby Shimla, you can take a trip to Kufri, a quaint hill town that boasts quirky activities like horseback riding and trekking. Kufri’s proximity to Shimla makes it a popular destination during the winter months. It also boasts spectacular views and various outdoor activities. While visiting Kufri, be sure to take the time to explore the area’s many lakes and waterfalls.
For nature lovers, the Himalayas are a must-see. The Valley of Flowers, in Yumthang, offers views of snow-capped mountains, hot springs, grazing yaks, and vibrant flowers. You can also visit the Hemis National Park, home to ibex, wolves, and snow leopards. You can also take a scenic drive along the Friendship Highway. It’s easy to get lost in the beauty of nature in India’s mountain ranges.
Darjeeling: This town, located in the lesser Himalayas, is one of the most popular destinations for tourists. Hundreds of trekkers visit this hill station every year. The town has many attractions, including the Kanchenjunga Mountain and the Himalayan Mountaineering Institute. A visit here is sure to make for a memorable getaway! The city’s weather is chilly from July through mid-September, so dress appropriately.
Ooty: Nestled in the Nilgiri Hills, this quaint hill town is home to some of India’s most beautiful landscapes. You can trek through the plantations or enjoy other activities such as horseback riding. The botanical garden is another popular attraction, boasting more than 3,600 varieties of roses. This town is also home to several museums, including a Wax World Museum, Tea Museum, and St. Stephen’s Church.
Shimla: Another quaint hill town nestled among the mountains, Shimla is the former summer capital of the British raj. It is also home to the Toy Train, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The train crosses 864 bridges and 919 bends, a feat of engineering. Other popular hill stations include Lachung and Pelling in Sikkim and Darjeeling in West Bengal.
Nainital: Located in the foothills of the Kumaon range, Nainital is a hill station considered the most beautiful in North India. Surrounded by forests, Nainital is perfect for a picnic or a day hike to view the many lakes and lush greenery. You can stay here for three days and enjoy the stunning views. If you’re traveling on a budget, there are plenty of affordable hotels in the area.
In Uttarakhand, you can spend a few days hiking and mountain biking in the area. While visiting these areas, be sure to make time to visit Binsar, a hill town famous for its snow-clad peaks. The town also features several tourist attractions. For the most breathtaking views of the mountain ranges, visit during the autumn or winter months. Depending on when you visit, you can enjoy skiing in the winter and hiking in the summer months.
Manali is another popular hill station in India. Nestled between the Dhauladhar and Pir Panjal ranges, Manali is surrounded by lush green forests and meadows. Visitors can enjoy hiking and river adventures. Manali is also home to the Hadimba Temple. And for a more relaxing and romantic stay, consider heading to Manali in July. And make sure to check out the famous Manali Market.
The state of Kerala has several beautiful mountain towns to offer. Munnar is the crown jewel of the region, with rolling hills and tea plantations. It also has a Tata Tea Museum where visitors can learn about the process of making tea and sample fresh cups of the beverage. For mountaineers and climbers, the Stok Kangri is a popular mountain in the Stok Range. At 11,845 feet, it is sometimes considered a practice run for climbing Everest.